verb to go out

Verb Root – go out ayę-

 

ęhšayęhąˀ   You will go out.

[enh-shah-yen-han-an]

ę-         future

-hš-      2nd person singular agent – you

-ayę-    verb root – go out

-hą-      inchoative root suffix

-ˀ          punctual aspect

 

waˀtu   usahayęhąˀ

again    he goes back out

 

usahayęhąˀ  He goes back out.

[oo-sah-hah-yen-han-an]

u-         factual

-s-        repetitive

-a-        factual

-h-        masculine singular agent – he

-ayę-    verb root – go out

-hą-      inchoative root suffix

-ˀ          punctual aspect

 

tayayęhąˀ     She or it did not go out.

[tah-yah-yen-han-an]

t-          negative

-a-        factual

-y-        feminine-zoic singular agent – she or it

-ayę-    verb root – go out

-hą-      inchoative root suffix

-ˀ          punctual aspect

 

With the Cislocative

utayayęhąˀ She or it came out, went out then or there.

[oo-tah-yah-yen-han-an]

u-         factual

-t-         cisclocative

-a-        factual

-y-        feminine-zoic singular agent – she or it

-ayę-    verb root – go out

-hą-      inchoative root suffix

-ˀ          punctual aspect

 

wehskwaˀ        tahaˀayęhąˀ

afterwards        he went out then

 

tahaˀayęhąˀ  He went out then.

[tah-hah-ah-ah-yen-han-an]

t-          cislocative

-a-        factual

-haˀ-     masculine singular agent

-ayę-    verb root – go out

-hą-      inchoative root suffix

-ˀ           punctual aspect

 

sahiˀngyayęhąˀ     They two (m) escaped[1].

[sah-hee-ee-ngyah-yen-han-an]

s-         repetitive

-a-        factual

-hi-       masculine dual agent – they two (m)

-ˀngy-   noun root – finger

-ayę-    verb root – go out

-hą-      inchoative root suffix

-ˀ          punctual aspect

 

Incorporating a noun root or stem -ingyę-

teyakahringyęhs    My eyes go outside, bulge out.  I stare.

[teh-yah-kah-reen-gyenhs]

te-                    dualic

-y-                    1st person singular agent – I

-a-                    semi-reflexive

-kahr-               noun root – eye(s\)

-ingyę-             verb root – go out + inchoative root suffix

-hs                   habitual aspect

 

utažaaˀtingyęh       I would make it, her go outside there.

[oo-tah-zhah-ah-ah-teen-gyenh]

u-                     optative

-t-                     cislocative

-a-                    optative

-ža-                  1st person singular agent + feminine-zoic singular patient – 1 – her/it

-aˀt-                  noun root – body

-ingyę-             verb root – go out + transitional root suffix

-h                     punctual aspect

 

 

 

 

 

[1] This is an exception to the rule concerning the form taken by the verb when it incorporates a noun.

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