Vocalizations

Vocalizations

 

With the dualic prefix

 

lament, cry out -ahsękw-

 

tehahsękwahs      He often laments, cries out

[teh-hah-sen-kwahs]

te-                    dualic

-h-                    masculine singular agent – he

-ahsękw-          verb root – lament, cry out

-ahs                  habitual aspect

 

Question:  From information provided elsewhere, what would the 1st person singular agent – I form of this verb be? __________________________________________________________

 

Cry, yell out a message -hęre-

 

atuhęreht              He yelled out a message.

[aht -hoo-heh-reht]

a-                     factual

-t-                    dualic

-(h)u-               masculine singular patient – he

-hęre-               verb root – yell out a message, a warning

-ht-                  causative root suffix + punctual aspect

 

atewuhęreht           She yelled, shouted out a message.

[ah-teh-woo-hen-reht]

a-                     factual

-tew-                dualic

-u-                    feminine-zoic singular patient – she

-hęre-               verb root – yell out a message, a warning

-ht-                  causative root suffix + punctual aspect

 

 

Yawn -astraʼkwa[1]

 

tewayastraʼkwaʼ    I will yawn.

[teh-wah-yah-strah-ah-kwah-ah]

t-                      dualic

-e-                    future

-ay-                  1st person singular patient – I

-astraˀkwa-       verb root – yawn

-ˀ                      punctual aspect

 

Vocalizations Without the Dualic

 

Shout out, raise one’s voice -aʼkwęndihat-[2]

 

ahuʼkwęndihahtęʼ She shouted at him.

[ah-hoo-oo-kwen-dee-hah-ten-en]

a-                     factual

-hu-                  feminine-zoic singular agent + masculine singular agent – she – him

-ˀkwęndihaht-  verb root – shout

-ęˀ                    dative root suffix + punctual aspect

 

 

Cry – aręt-

 

ayarętę                 I cried.

[ah-yah-ren-ten]

a-                     factual

-y-                    1st person singular agent – I

-aręt-                verb root – cry

-ę                     punctual aspect

 

harętaʼ                   He often cries.

[hah-ren-tah-ah]

h-                     masculine singular agent – he

-aręt-                verb root – cry

-aˀ                    habitual aspect

 

Whisper, Say in Secret -ahsamęnę

huhsamęnęh                  He is whispering, saying something in secret to him.

[hooh-sah-men-enh]

hu-                   masculine singular agent + masculine singular patient – he – him

-(a)hsamęnę-    verb root – whisper

-h                     stative aspect

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[1] This is probably cognate or related to the terms for ‘lip’ -hstr- and ‘saliva -hstruˀt’, which are consonant stem roots.

[2] This word may contain the noun root -męnd- ‘voice, word’, and be preceded by the semi-reflexive voice -ak-.

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