Wild Animals

Wild Mammals

 

atiž                   They (f) are wild animals.

[ah-tee-zhoo]

ati-                   feminine-zoic plural agent – they

-žu                   verb root – be a wild animal + stative aspect

 

Bear                     anyǫnyęʼ[1]   It is a bear

[an-yon-yen-en]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-nyǫnyę-          verb root – be a bear

-ˀ                      stative

 

hatinyǫnyęʼrǫnǫ    They (m) are people of the bear; Bear clan.

[hah-teen-yon-yen-en-ron-non]

hati-                 masculine plural agent – they (m)

-nyǫnyęˀ-         verb root – be a bear

-rǫnǫ                populative + stative aspect

 

anyǫyętaʼ              It is made of bear; bearskin

[an-yon-yen-tah-ah]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-nyǫnyę-          verb root – be a bear

-t-                    causative root suffix

-aˀ                    habitual aspect

 

Beaver                            tsuʼtahi        It has very thick fur.

                                      [tsoo-oo-tah-hee]

ts-                    repetitive – very

-u-                    feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-ˀatah-              verb root – have thick fur

-i                      stative aspect

 

Bobcat                            skęˀkwaˀa.

[sken-en-kwah-ah]

 

Buffalo                           tsatarižaˀi

[tsah-tah-ree-zhah-ah-ee]

 

Cougar/Mountain Lion   yęriš[2]

[yen-reesh]

 

Fox                                skęhšu

[sken-shoo]

 

Fox                                tsinęˀtǫtǫh   [for the cross fox]

[tsee-nen-en-ton-tonh]

 

Lynx                              tehutsiˀtut [He has two standing blossoms (ear tufts).

[teh-hoo-tsee-ee-toot]

te-                    dualic – two

-hu-                  masculine singular patient – he

-tsiˀt-                noun root – flower, blossom

-ut-                   verb root – stand + stative aspect

 

Mink, Weasel                  suhǫmędiˀa

[soo-hon-men-dee-ee-ah]

 

Moose                            auskwaʼ[3]

[ah-oo-skwah-ah]

 

Mouse                            tsuˀngyatęˀah[4]

[tsoo-oon-gyah-teh-en-ah]

 

Muskrat                          suhiˀahšayaha

[soo-hee-ee-ah-shah-yah-hah]

 

Otter                               tawindeh

[tah-ween-deh]

 

Porcupine                       tsinęˀkaˀ

[tseen-en-en-kah-ah]

 

Rabbit                            tanyǫnyęha

[tan-yon-yen-hah]

 

Raccoon                         tirǫ

[tee-ron]

 

tukwežakweh

[too-kweh-zhah-kweh

 

Skunk                                     uwaʼtatsiʼah[5]            skunk; its body smells bad

[oo-wah-ah-tah-tsee-ee-ah]

uw-      feminine-zoic singular patient – it

-aˀt-      noun root – body

-a-        joiner vowel

-tsiˀa-   verb root – smell bad, strong

-h         stative aspect

 

Squirrel                          uʼtahi          It has thick fur.

[oo-oo-tah-hee]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient – it                                                                                -ˀtah-              verb root – have thick fu

-i                      stative aspect

 

Wolf                               y[6]aˀnariskwaˀ        [It used to chew bones].

[yah-ah-nah-ree-skwah-ah]

ya-       feminine-zoic singular agent – it

-ˀn     noun root – bone(s)

-ri-      verb root – bite, chew

-s-      habitual aspect

-kwaˀ   past aspect suffix

 

hatinariskwaˀ                     They (masculine) used to chew bones, Wolf clan.

[hah-ee-nah-ree-skwah-ah]

-hati-                    masculine plural agent

-ˀn-                        noun root, ‘bone(s)’

-a-                         joiner vowel

-ri-                         verb root – bite, suck, chew’

-s-                           habitual aspect

-kwaˀ                      past aspect suffix

 

[1] There is an irregular absence of the initial -y- at the beginning of this word. Normally a feminine-zoic singular agent with the consonant conjugation has that -y-.

[2] This is the word from which Lake Erie is named.  While there is some speculation that the name means ‘long tail’, there is no solid proof that it contains a root for ‘tail.’

[3]This appears to be adapted from an Algonquian language term for ‘moose’, the original source for the English word

[4] This word has the feminine-zoic singular patient pronominal prefix -u- and what seems to be the noun root -ngy- ‘finger.’  It is somewhat possible that the verb root -ten- ‘dry’ is used along with the diminutive aspect suffix -ah’ giving the meaning ‘It has very dried up fingers.’

[5]This seems to have a shortened form of the verb root –tsiway– ‘smell bad, strong’.

[6] Sometimes the initial -y- is dropped.

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