Wyandot Terms for Cutlery, Dishes, Glasses and Pots

Wyandot Terms for Cutlery, Plates, Bowls and Bottles

Cutlery

Knife 

wenęh                   It is a knife.

[weh-nenh]

w-                    feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-enę-                verb root ‘to be a knife’

-h                     stative aspect

wenęšraˀ                knife  (noun stem)

[weh-nen-shrah-ah]

w-                    feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘it’

-enę                verb root, ‘to be a knife’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-aˀ                    noun suffix

wenęšruwąnęh       It is a large knife .

[weh-nen-shroo-wan-nenh]

w-                    feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-enę                verb root, ‘to be a knife’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-uwąnę           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

wenęšražaˀ             It is a small knife.

[wen-nen-shrah-zhah-ah]

w-                    feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘it’

-enę                verb root, ‘to be a knife’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-a-                    verb root ‘to be a quantity’

-žaˀ                  stative aspect + diminutive suffix

Spoon (noun root) -s-

yasaˀ                          spoon

[yah-sah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-s-                    noun root, ‘spoon’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yasuwąnęh             It is a large spoon.

[yah-soo-wan-nenh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-s-                    noun root ‘spoon’

-uwąnę-           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

yasažaˀ                  It is a small spoon.

[yah-sah-zhah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-s–                    noun root ‘spoon’

-a-                   verb root ‘to be a quantity’

-žaˀ                  stative aspect + diminutive suffix

Spoon, Verb root -erat-

yaerat[1]                   It is a spoon.

[yah-eh-raht]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-erat-               verb root ‘to be a spoon’ + stative aspect

Fork -hšǫmat-

uhšǫmahtaˀ            fork[2]

[ooh-shon-mah-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-hšǫmat-          noun root ‘fork’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

uhšǫmahtuwąnęh   It is a large fork.

[ooh-shon-mah-too-wan-nenh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-hšǫmat-          noun root ‘fork’

-uwąnę           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

uhšǫmahtažaˀ         It is a small fork

[ooh-shon-mah-tah-zhah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-hšǫmahta-    noun root ‘fork, awl’

-a-                    verb root ‘to be a quantity’

-žaˀ                  stative aspect + diminutive suffix

Dishes, Glasses and Pots

Dish, Bowl, Plate -tsę

yatsęaˀ                   dish, bowl

[yah-tsen-ah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-tsę                 noun root, ‘dish’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yatsęuwąnęh It is a large dish, bowl.

[yah-tsen-oo-wan-nenh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-tsę                 noun root, ‘dish’

-uwąnę           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

yatsęažaˀ               It is a small dish, bowl.

[yah-tsen-ah-zha-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-tsę                 noun root, ‘dish’

-a-                    verb root ‘to be a quantity’

-žaˀ                  stative aspect + diminutive suffix

 

setsęuhare              Wash the dish, the dishes.

[seh-tsen-oo-hah-reh]

se-       imperative + 2nd person singular ‘you (s)’

-tsę–    noun root ‘dish’

-uhare verb root ‘to wash’ + imperative aspect

Bottles, Glasses, Gourds

yaseˀtaˀ                  bottle, glass, gourd

[yah-seh-eh-tah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-seˀt-                noun root ‘bottle, glass, gourd’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yaseˀtuwąnęh         It is a large glass, bottle, gourd.

[yah-seh-eh-too-wan-enh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-seˀt-                noun root, ‘bottle, glass, gourd’

-uwąnę           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

yaseˀtažaˀ              It is a small glass, bottle, gourd.

[yah-seh-eh-tah-zhah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-seˀt-                noun root, ‘bottle, glass, gourd’

-a-                    verb root ‘to be a quantity’

-žaˀ                  stative aspect + diminutive

seseˀtuhare            Wash the glass, glasses.

se-                   imperative + 2nd person singular ‘you’

-seˀt-                noun root, ‘bottle, glass, gourd’

-uhare             verb root ‘to wash’ + imperative aspect

Pot, Kettle: -ndaˀts- (noun root)

yandaˀtsaˀ              ‘pot’

[yan-dah-ah-tsah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndaˀts-            noun root ‘pot, kettle’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yandaˀtsižuh          It is a large pot, kettle

[yan-dah-ah-tsee-zhooh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndaˀts-            noun root ‘pot, kettle’

-ižu-                 verb root ‘to be large

-h                     stative aspect

to be a pot, kettle ˀnęu- 

 

yaˀnęuh                 It is a pot, kettle.

[yah-ah-nen-ooh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

ˀnęu-               verb root ‘to be a pot, kettle’

-h                     stative aspect

yeˀnęuˀah               It is my pot, kettle

[yeh-eh-nen-oo-oo-ah]

ye-                   1st person singular agent ‘my’

ˀnęu-               verb root ‘to be a pot, kettle’

-ˀ-                    stative aspect

-ah                   diminutive

Give Me, Pass Me

The verb root -nǫt- means ‘to give’, and is used when you are asking someone for something.

tayesanǫt     Give me, pass me a spoon

[tah-yeh-sah-nont]

            ta-        imperative

-ye-      1st person singular agent ‘me’

-s-        noun root ‘spoon’

-a-       noun suffix

-nǫt-    verb root ‘to give’ + imperative aspect

tayetsęanǫt   Give me, pass me a plate, dish, bowl

[tah-yeh-tsen-ah-nont]

ta-        imperative

-ye-      1st person singular agent ‘me’

-tsę-     noun root ‘plate’

-a-       noun suffix

-nǫt-    verb root ‘to give’ + imperative aspect

tayeseˀtanǫt         Give me a glass, bottle.

[tah-yeh-seh-tah-nont]

ta-        imperative

-ye-      1st person singular agent ‘me’

-seˀt-    noun root ‘glass, bottle’

-a-       noun suffix

-nǫt-    verb root ‘to give’ + imperative aspect

tayenęšranǫt          Give me a knife.

[tah-yeh-nen-shrah-nont]

ta-        imperative

-y-       1st person singular agent ‘me’

-enę–   verb root, ‘to be a knife’

-šr-      nominalizer

-a-       noun suffix

-nǫt-    verb root ‘to give’ + imperative aspect

tayehšǫmatanǫt      Give me a fork.

[tah-yeh-shon-mah-tah-nont]

ta-                    imperative

-ye-                  1st person singular agent‘me’

-hšǫmat-          noun root ‘fork’

-a-                   noun suffix

nǫt-                  verb root ‘to give’ + imperative aspect

How Many?

Tuh                       How many…..?

[tooh]

Tuh    iyasayeh                          How many spoons are there?

?          such a number of spoons

iyasayeh       It is such a number of spoons.

[ee-yah-sah-yeh]

 

i-            partitive ‘such’

-ya-      feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-s-        noun root ‘spoon’

-a-       noun suffix

-ye-      verb root ‘to number’

-h         stative aspect

Ndahk         iyasayeh                There are four spoons.

Tuh    iyatsęayeh                       How many dishes are there?

?          such a number of dishes

iyatsęayeh              such a number of dishes

[ee-yah-tsen-ah-yeh]

i-                     partitive ‘such’

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-tsę                 noun root, ‘dish’

-a                     noun suffix

-ye                   verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Ndahk         iyatsęayeh              There are four spoons.

Tuh iyaseˀtayeh               How many bottles are there?

iyaseˀtayeh             bottle, glass, gourd

[ee-yah-seh-eh-tah-yeh]

  • partitive ‘such’

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’

-seˀt-                noun root, ‘bottle, glass, gourd’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Ndahk iyaseˀtayeh       There are four bottles.

Tuh    iwenęšrayeh           How many knives are there?

iwenęšrayeh           Such a number of knives.

[ee-weh-nen-shrah-yeh]

i-                      partitive ‘such’

-w-                  feminine-zoic singular patient‘it’

-enę-                verb root ‘to be a knife’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-a-                   noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Ndahk iwenęšraye  There are four knives.

 

Tuh    iyuhšǫmahtayeh      How many forks are there?

iyuhšǫwahtayeh     Such a number of forks

[ee-yoo-shon-wah-tah-yeh]

iy-                    partitive ‘such’

-u-                   feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-hšǫmaht-        noun root ‘fork’

-a-                   noun suffix

-ye-                  verb root ‘to number’

-h                     stative aspect

Ndahk            iyuhšǫmahtayeh     There are four forks.

[1] This is the only form that this verb takes.

[2] This is not in the Narratives, but is found in a list of  items named by Potier (Toupin 1996:918 and  Potier 1920:446), who lived with the Wyandot of the Detroit area.

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