Wyandot Terms Related to the Head

Wyandot Noun Roots Related to the Head

Unless otherwise stated, the noun roots are consonant conjugation

Skull -hskuˀt-

uhskuˀtaˀ                               head, skull, her head, her skull

[ooh-skoo-oo-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it, her’

-hskuˀt-           noun root, ‘head, skull’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

huhskuˀtaˀyeh                  on his head

[hooh-skoo-oo-tah-ah-yeh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ‘his’

-hskuˀt-         noun root, ‘head, skull’

-aˀyeh               external locative noun suffix

Head: -nǫhtsir-

unǫhtsiraˀ                        head, her head

[oo-nonhtsee-rah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it, her’

-nǫhtsir-      noun root ‘head’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

anǫhtsiˀretsih                   My head is long.

[an-onh-tsee-ee-reh-tseeh]

a-                     1st person singular patient‘my’

nǫhtsir-        noun root ‘head’

-ets-                 verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                    stative aspect

Brains, head: -nǫhmar-

unǫhmaraˀ                             head, brains, her head, brains

[oon-oohmah-rah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it, her’

-nǫhmar-      noun root ‘head, brains’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

ayenǫhmaruri                       I am covering my head, wearing a hat.

[ah-yen-nonh-mah-roo-ree]

aye-                 1st person singular patient  ‘I’

-nǫhmar-      noun root ‘head, brains’

-uri-                 verb root ‘to cover’ + stative aspect

Hunǫhmarušah      His brain moves; he mourns.

[hoo-non-hmah-roo-shah]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ‘he, his’

-nǫmar-        noun root ‘head, brains’

-uš-                  verb root ‘to cover’

-ah                   habitual aspect

Scalp: -nǫr-

unǫraˀ                                 scalp, her scalp

[oo-non-rah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it, her’

-nǫr-         noun root ‘scalp’

-aˀ              noun suffix

hunǫraˀ                            his scalp

[hoo-non-rah-ah]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ‘his’

-nǫr-               noun root ‘scalp’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

tesanǫrǫhkwanyǫhs         We greet you (s) with respect; oil your scalp many times.

[the-sa-nonronh-kwan-nyonhs]

t-                                  dualic

-esa-                           1st person plural agent + 2nd person singular patient we–you (s)

-nǫr-                            noun root ‘scalp’

-ǫhkwa-                       verb root, ‘to oil, grease’

-nyǫ-                            distributive root suffix

-hs                               dative root suffix + punctual aspect

hatinǫnhyandihtih            They (m) make the scalp firm, are dangerous.

[hah-tee-non-hyan-deeh-teeh]

hati-                             masculine plural agent ‘they (m)’

-nǫhy-                          noun root ‘scalp’

-ndi(r)-                         verb root ‘to be firm’

-ht-                              causative root suffix

-ih                                stative aspect

Hair on Top of One’s Head nęˀ

unęˀaˀ                                     hair, her hair (on top of her head)

[oo-nen-en-ah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘it, her’

-nęˀ                             noun root, ‘hair on top of one’s head’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

anęˀetsih                         My long hair

[ah-nen-en-eh-tseeh]

a-                                 1st person singular patient ‘my’

nęˀ                            noun root, ‘hair on top of one’s head’

-ets-                             verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                                stative aspect

hunęhut                           His hair is standing up.

[hoo-nen-hoot]

hu-                               masculine singular patient ‘his’

nęh                           noun root, ‘hair on top of one’s head’

-ut                                verb root ‘to stand’ + stative aspect

Human Hair -eˀruhš- (e- conjugation)

aweˀruhšaˀ                           (her) human hair

[ah-weh-eh-rooh-sha-ah]

aw-                              feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it, her’

eˀruhš-                       noun root ‘human hair’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

ayeˀruhsaˀ                              my hair

[ah-yeh-eh-rooh-sah-ah]

ay-                               1st person singular patient‘my’

eˀruhš-                      noun root ‘human hair’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

Plaited or braided hair, ponytail: -ngwah-

yangwahaˀ             (her) plaited, braided hair, ponytail

[yan-gwah-ha-ah]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it, her’

-ngwah-                  noun root ‘braided, plaited hair, ponytail’

-aˀ                               noun suffix

sangwahawastih               your beautiful ponytail.  You have a beautiful ponytail.

[san-gwah-hah-wah-steeh]

sa-                               2nd person singular patient ‘your, you’

-ngwah-                   noun root ‘braided, plaited hair, ponytail’

-a                                 noun suffix

-wast-                          verb root ‘to be beautiful’

-ih                                stative aspect

Beard  ˀskwęˀr-

uˀskwęˀraˀ                             beard

[oo-oo-skwen-en-rah-ah]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘it’

ˀskwęˀr-                    noun root, ‘beard’

-a                                  noun suffix

saˀskwęˀraˀ                      your beard

[sah-ah-skwen-en-rah-ah]

sa-                               second person singular patient ‘you (s)’

ˀskwęˀr-                     noun root‚ beard‘

-aˀ                                noun suffix

ayeˀskwęˀretsih                I have a long beard; my long beard.

[ah-yeh-eh-skwen-en-reh-tseeh]

aye-                             1st person singular patient ‘I, my’

ˀskwęˀr-                      noun root, ‘beard’

-ets-                             verb root, ‘to be long’

-ih                                stative aspect

Face: -yǫhš

yayǫhšaˀ                                face, her face

[yah-yonh-shah-ah]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’ or ‘her’

-yǫhš–                        noun root, ‘face’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

aˀǫmąkohšutahs                  I stuck my face at you, invited you

[ah-ah-on-man-koh-shootahs]

aˀ                                 factual prefix

-ǫm-                            1st person singular agent + 2nd person singular patient: I-you

-k-                               semi-reflexive voice

ǫhš–                            noun root, ‘face’

-ut-                              verb root, ‘to stand’

-ahs-                            dative root suffix + punctual aspect

ukǫhšawenǫdiˀ                Her face is round

[oo-konh-shah-weh-non-dee-ee]

u-                                 feminine-zoic singular patient ‘her’

-k-                               semi-reflexive voice

(y)ǫhš–                    noun root, ‘face’

-a-                               noun suffix

-wenǫdi-                     verb root ‘to be round’

-ˀ                                  stative aspect

Forehead: -yęˀts-

yayęˀtsaˀ                                forehead, her forehead

[yan-yen-en-tsah-ah]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’ or ‘her’

-yęˀts-                        noun root, ‘forehead’

-aˀ                                noun suffix

yeyęˀtsetsih                      My forehead is long.

[yen-yen-en-tseh-tseeh]

ye-                               1st person singular agent ‘my’

-yęˀts-                          noun root, ‘forehead’

-ets-                             verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                                stative aspect

Tsayęˀtsuwa’t                  He has a very big forehead (Large Turtle clan name)

[tsah-yen-en-tsoo-wah-aht]

ts-                                repetitive prefix

-a-                               masculine singular agent ‘he’

-yęˀts-                          noun root, ‘forehead’

-uwat-                          verb root, ‘to be large, augmented’[1]      + stative aspect

Ear(s) –ahǫht-  (a- conjugation)

ahǫhtaˀ                    ear(s), her ear(s)

[ah-honh-tah-ah]

ahǫht-              feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ or ‘her’ + noun root, ‘ear, ears’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

teyahǫhtetsihs        My two long ears.

[teh-yah-honh-the-tseehs]

te-                    dualic prefix

-y-                   1st person singular agent ‘my’

-ahǫht-            noun root ‘ear’

-ets-                 verb root ‘to be long’

-i-                    stative aspect

-hs                   plural

teyahǫhtut             My two ears are standing up

[teh-yah-honh-toot]

te-                    dualic prefix

-y-                   1st person singular agent ‘my’

ahǫht-            noun root ‘ear’

-ut                    verb root ‘to stand’ + stative aspect

Eyes, eyeballs: -yahkwęˀd-

yayahkwęˀdaˀ           eye, eyeball, her eye, eyes, her eyes

[yah-yah-kwen-en-dah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’ or ‘her’

-yahkwęˀd-      noun root, ‘eyeball, eye’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

hayahkwęˀdawahstih        He has beautiful eyeballs, eyes

[hah-yah-kwen-en-dah-wah-steeh]

ha-                   masculine singular agent ‘he’

-yahkwęˀd-   noun root, ‘eyeball, eye’

-a                     noun suffix

-wahst-          verb root ‘to be beautiful, good’

-ih                    stative aspect

Nose -yǫˀgy-

yayǫˀgyaˀ                              nose, her nose

[yah-yon-on-gyah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’ or ‘her’

yǫˀgy-            noun root, ‘nose’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yayǫgyaˀyeh                         on her nose

[yah-yon-gyah-ah-yeh]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘her’

-yǫgy-              noun root, ‘nose’

-aˀye                external locative noun suffix ‘at’ or ‘on’

yeyǫgyetsih                     my nose is long

[yeh-yon-gyeh-tseeh]

ye-                   1st person singular agent ‘my’

-yǫgy-              noun root, ‘nose’

-ets-                 verb root, ‘to be long’

-ih                    stative aspect

Cheek: -ndar-

yandaraˀ                          cheek(s), her cheek(s)

[yan-dah-rah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘her, it’

-ndar-            noun root ‘cheek, cheeks’

-aˀ                noun suffix

undarǫt                           It is attached to her cheek

[oon-dah-ront]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘it’ or ‘her’

ndar-             noun root ‘cheek, cheeks’

-ǫt                    verb root, ‘to attach’ + stative aspect

Mouth: -hš- 

yahšaˀ                                     mouth, her mouth

[yah-shah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it’ or ‘her’

-hš-                  noun root, ‘mouth’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yehšaˀ                                       my mouth

[yeh-shah-ah]

ye-                   1st person singular agent, ‘my’

-hš-                  noun root, ‘mouth’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

šehšaˀ                             your mouth

[sheh-shah-ah]

še-                2nd person singular agent ‘you’

-hš-                  noun root, ‘mouth’

-aˀ                 noun suffix

hahšuwanęh                     His mouth is big

[hah-shoo-wan-nenh]

ha-                   masculine singular agent ‘he, his’

-hš-                  noun root, ‘mouth’

-uwanę-           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

Jaw: -uˀyehs- (u- conjugation)

auˀyehsaˀ                          jaw, her jaw

[ah-oo-oo-yeh-sah-ah]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular patient, ‘it’ or ‘her’

-uˀyehs-        noun root, `jaw`

-aˀ                    noun suffix

ayuˀyehsaˀ                       my jaw

[ah-yoo-oo-yehh-sah-ah]

ay-                   1st person singular patient ‘my’

-uˀyehs-           noun root, `jaw`

-omę-               verb root, `to have, own`

-ˀ                      stative aspect

hauˀęhsuwanęh                He has a big jaw; his big jaw

[hah-oo-oo-enh-soo-wan-nenh]

ha-                   masculine singular patient ‘ he, his’

-uˀyehs-           noun root, `jaw`

-uwanę-           verb root ‘to be large’

-h                     stative aspect

Lips: -hstr-

yahstraˀ                                  lips, her lips

[yah-strah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic agent, ‘it’ or ‘her’

-hstr-               noun root, ‘lips’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

hahstraˀ                           his lips

[hah-strah-ah]

ha-                   masculine singular agent ‘his’

-hstr-               noun root, ‘lips’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

sahstrawahstih                 Your lips are beautiful.

[sah-strah-wah-steeh]

sa-                   2nd person singular patient ‘you’

-hstr-            noun root, ‘lips’

-aˀ-                  noun suffix

-wahst-           verb root ‘to be beautiful’

-ih                    stative aspect

Tongue: -ˀndahš

yaˀndahšaˀ                            tongue, her tongue

[yah-ahn-dah-shah-ah]

ya-                   feminine singular agent, ‘it’ or ‘her’

-ˀndahš        noun root, ‘tongue’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

haˀndahšetsih                  He has a long tongue; his long tongue.

[hah-an-dah-sheh-tseeh]

ha-                   masculine singular agent ‘he, his’

-ˀndahš         noun root, ‘tongue’

-ets-                 verb root ‘to be long’

-ih                    stative aspect

huˀndahšateyęh                His tongue is burning (Snake clan name)

[hoo-oon-dah-shah-tey-yenh]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ‘his’

-ˀndahš        noun root, ‘tongue’

-atey-               verb root ‘to burn’

-ęh                   stative aspect

Tooth, teeth: –ˀskǫhš-

yaˀskǫhšaˀ                       tooth, teeth, her tooth, her teeth

[yah-ah-skonh-shah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent, ‘it, her’

ˀskǫhš-           noun root, ‘tooth, teeth’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

haˀskǫhšaˀ                            his tooth, his teeth

[hah-ah-skonh-shah-ah]

ha-                   masculine singular agent, ‘his’

ˀskǫhš-           noun root, ‘tooth, teeth’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yaˀskǫhšižaˀi                   It is a broken tooth

[yah-ah-skonh-shee-zhah-ah-ee]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

ˀskǫhš-           noun root, ‘tooth, teeth’

-ižaˀ                  verb root ‘to break’

-i                      stative aspect

Neck -ngyaˀs-

yangyaˀsaˀ                             neck, her neck

[yan-gyah-ah-sah-ah]

ya-                    feminine-zoic singular agent ‘her’

-ngyaˀs-          noun root, ‘neck’

-aˀ                     noun suffix

hangyaˀsaye                    on his neck

[yan-gyah-ah-sah-yeh]

ha-                   masculine singular agent ‘her’

-ngyaˀs-           noun root, ‘neck’

-aye                 external locative noun suffix

yangyaˀsaetsih                 He has a long neck; his longneck.

[yan-gyah-ah-sah-eh-tseeh]

ha-                   masculine singular agent, ‘he, his’

-ngyaˀs-            noun root, ‘neck’

-ets-                 verb root, ‘to be long’

-ih                    stative aspect

throat: -ngyaˀt-

yangyaˀtaˀ                           throat, her throat

[yan-gyah-ah-tah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it, her’

                   -ngyaˀt-         noun root ‘throat’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

hangyaˀtaˀ                       his throat

[han-gyah-ah-tah-ah]

ha-                    masculine singular agent ‘his’

-ngyaˀt-           noun root ‘throat’

-aˀ                      noun suffix

Nape of the neck, throat: -ngyar[2]

yangyaraˀ                              back or nape of the neck, throat, her neck, her throat

[yan-gyah-rah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it, her’

-ngyar-            noun root, ‘back of the neck’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yengyaraˀ                        back of my neck, throat

[yen-gyah-rah-ah]

ye-                   1st person singular agent ‘my’

-ngyar-            noun root, ‘back of the neck’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

Questions:  Translate the following into Wyandot

 

  1. His back of the neck, throat______________________________________
  2.  His head is long.____________________________________________
  3. My lips____________________________________________________
  4. It is attached to your cheek._____________________________________
  5. My throat_________________________________________________
  6. Your neck__________________________________________________
  7. My tooth, teeth______________________________________________
  8. His mouth_________________________________________________
  9. Your nose_________________________________________________
  10. His forehead________________________________________________

Answers

  1. His back of the neck, throat yangyaraˀ
  2. His head is long. hunǫhtsiˀretsih
  3. My lips yehstraˀ
  4. It is attached to your cheek sandarǫt
  5. My throat yengyaˀtaˀ
  6. Your neck šengyaˀsaˀ
  7. My tooth, teeth yeˀskǫhšaˀ
  8. His mouth ahšaˀ
  9. Your nose šeyǫˀgyaˀ
  10. His forehead hayęˀtsaˀ

[1] I do not yet know why this verb sometimes takes the -at- ending.

[2] This is cognate with or related to the Neutral word ‘Niagara.’

 

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