Wyandot Words Related to Coffee and Tea

Wyandot Words for Coffee and Tea

Conversations About  Coffee

The noun for coffee will be ukasešraˀ.  Following other Iroquoian languages, the word ‘coffee’ is incorporated into the language.  The -f- becomes a –s-, as there is no -f- in Wyandot and there is a precedent for this conversion with other examples.  The words that are bolded are on the recording

ukasešraˀ   coffee        

[oo-kah-seh-shra-ah]

u-         feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

             -kase– ‘coffee’

-šr-      nominalizer

-aˀ        noun suffix

ayekasešraˀ         my coffee

[ah-yeh-kah-seh-shrah-ah]

aye-     1st person singular patient ‘my’

kase–   ‘coffee’

-šr-      nominalizer

-aˀ        noun suffix

ędi       ayekasešraˀ  my coffee!  (The first person particle ędi adds emphasis.)

Kwižuh        ǫndaˀe         sakasešraˀ              Is that your coffee?

Yes-no Q         that                   your coffee

Kwižuh        deka            sakasešraˀ              Is this your coffee?

[kwee-zooh]     this

sakasešraˀ    your coffee

[sah-kah-seh-shrah-ah

sa-       2nd person singular patient ‘your’

-kase– ‘coffee’

-šr-      nominalizer

-aˀ        noun suffix

hęh      ayekasešraˀ  Yes, it is my coffee.

Deka   ayekasešraˀ  This is my coffee.

ąˀą     teˀayekasešramęh             No, it is not my coffee.

[an-an]

teˀayekasešramęh             It is not my coffee.

[teh-eh-ah-yeh-kah-seh-shra-menh]

teˀ-       negative prefix

-ay-      1st person singular patient ‘my’

-kase– ‘coffee’

-šr-      nominalizer

-aˀ        noun suffix

mę–    verb root ‘to own’

-h         stative aspect

ayekasešrayǫh       It is in my coffee.

[ah-yeh-kah-seh-shrah-yonh]

aye-     1st person singular patient ‘my’

-kase– ‘coffee’

-šr-      nominalizer

-ayǫ-    verb root ‘to be inside’

-h         stative aspect

teˀayekasešrayǫh    It is not in my coffee.

[teh-eh-ah-yeh-kah-seh-shrah-yonh]

teˀ-       negative prefix

-aye-    1st person singular patient ‘my’

kase– ‘coffee’

-šr-      nominalizer

-ayǫ–   VR ‘to be inside’

-h         stative aspect

sanǫrąhšaerat         ayekasešrayǫh       Add milk to my coffee.

sanǫrąhšaerat         Add milk.

[sah-non-ranh-shah-eh-rat]

sa-                   imperative + 2nd person singular agent ‘you (s)’

                        -nǫrąhš-          noun root ‘milk, breast’

-a-                   noun suffix

-erat-               verb root ‘to add to’ + imperative aspect

sutsikeˀtaerat          Add sugar

[soo-tsee-keh-eh-tah-eh-raht]

su-                   imperative + second person singular agent ‘you’

-tsikeˀt-         noun root ‘sugar’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

-erat-               verb root ‘to add to’ + imperative aspect

ukasešruhskǫh    It is black coffee.  It is pure, unmixed coffee

[oo-kah-seh-shrooh-skonh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

             -kase–             ‘coffee’

-šr-                  nominalizer

uhskǫ            verb root ‘to be pure, unmixed.

-h                     stative aspect

skukasešrat  It is one coffee.

[skoo-kah-seh-shrat]

sk-       repetitive

-u-       feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

ukase– ‘coffee’

-šr-      nominalizer

-aˀ        noun suffix

Tęndih           teukasešrayeh                  Two coffees.

[ten-deeh]

teukasešrayeh                  It is two coffees.

[teh-oo-kah-seh-shrah-yeh]

te-        dualic prefix

-u-       feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

                                   -kase– ‘coffee’

-šr-      nominalizer

-a         noun suffix

-ye-      verb root ‘to number’

-h         stative aspect

Ahšęhk       ukasešrayeh           Three coffees.

[ah-senhk]

ukasešrayeh           It is such a number of coffees.

[oo-kah-seh-shrah-yeh]

u-          feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

                             -kase– ‘coffee’

-šr-       nominalizer

-a         noun suffix

-ye-     verb root ‘to number’

-h         stative aspect

ukasešraˀtarihęh               The coffee is hot.

[oo-kah-seh-shrahah-tah-ree-henh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-kase–             ‘coffee’

-šr-                   nominalizer

-aˀtarih-           verb root ‘to be hot’

-ęh                     stative aspect

tsukasešraˀtarihęh            The coffee is very hot.

ts-                    repetitive ‘very’

-u-                   feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-kase–             noun root ‘coffee’

-šr-                  nominalizer

aˀtarih-           verb root ‘to be hot’

-ęh                   stative aspect

utiˀšranduhstih       It is cold coffee. The coffee is cold.

[oo-tee-ee-shran-dooh-steeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic patient ‘it’

-kase–             ‘coffee’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-a-                   noun suffix

-nduhst-       verb root ‘to be cold’

-ih                    stative aspect

tsutiˀšranduhstih     It is very cold coffee. The coffee is very cold.

[tsoo-tee-ee-shran-dooh-steeh]

ts-                      repetitive ‘very’

-u–                  feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-kase–             ‘coffee’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-a-                   noun suffix

-nduhst-       verb root ‘to be cold’

-ih                    stative aspect

Talking About Tea

Learning and borrowing from the terms used in the related languages of Cayuga, Oneida, and Onondaga, we are introducing a term for ‘tea’ in Wyandotte.  It takes the u- conjugation, as it does in those languages.

utiˀšraˀ        tea, her tea

[oo-tee-ee-shrah-ah]

utiˀ-      feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + ‘tea’

-šr-      nominalizer

-aˀ        noun suffix

ayutiˀšraˀ    my tea

[ah-yoo-tee-ee-shrah-ah]

y-         1st person singular agent ‘my’

-utiˀ-    ‘tea’

-aˀ        noun suffix

šutiˀšraˀ        your (s) tea

[shoo-tee-ee-shrah-ah

š-         2nd person singular ‘your (s)’

-utiˀ-    ‘tea’

-aˀ        noun suffix

hutiˀšraˀ       his tea

[hoo-tee-ee-shrah-ah]

h-         masculine singular agent ‘his’

-utiˀ-    ‘tea’

-aˀ        noun suffix

autiˀšrǫndih            She is making tea.

[ah-oo-tee-ee-shron-deeh]

a-         feminine-zoic singular patient ‘she’

-utiˀ-    ‘tea’

-šr-      nominalizer

-ǫndi-   verb root ‘to make’

-h         stative aspect

aˀutiˀšrǫngyaˀ         She made tea.

[ah-ah-oo-tee-ee-shron-gyah-ah]

aˀ-        factual

-utiˀ-   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she’ + ‘tea’

-šr-      nominalizer

-ǫngy-  verb root ‘to make’

-aˀ        punctual aspect

autiˀšrǫngyatih       It is used to make tea; it is a teapot.

[ah-oo-tee-ee-shron-gyah-teeh]

a-         feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-utiˀ-    ‘tea’

-šr-      nominalizer

ǫngy-  verb root ‘to make’

-at-      causative root suffix

-ih        stative aspect

autiˀšrayawih       It is sweet tea.

[ah-oo-tee-ee-shra-yah-weeh]

a-         feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-utiˀ-    ‘tea’

-šr-      nominalizer

-a-       noun suffix

-yaw-   verb root ‘to taste good’

-ih        stative aspect

autiˀšraˀtarihęh       It is hot tea.

[ah-oo-tee-ee-shrah-ah-tah-ree-henh]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-utiˀ-               ‘tea’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-aˀtarih-       verb root ‘to be hot’

-ęh                   stative aspect

autiˀšranduhstih      It is cold tea.

[ah-oo-tee-ee-shran-dooh-steeh]

a-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

utiˀ-               ‘tea’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-a-                     noun suffix

-nduhst-      verb root ‘to be cold’

-ih                    stative aspect

milk, breast: -nǫrąhš

unǫrąhšaˀ             milk, breast

[oo-non-ran-hshah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-nǫrąhš-        noun root ‘milk, breast’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

unǫrąhšatętsih        It is thick milk, cream.

[oo-non-ran-hshah-ten-tseeh]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

nǫrąhš-         noun root ‘milk, breast’

-a-                   noun suffix

-tęts-               verb root ‘to be thick’

-ih                    stative aspect

Tsinęęh        šerhe           unǫrąhšaˀ     neˀšaˀ             unǫrąhšatętsih

Which? you wish           milk                  other one          cream

Which do you want, milk or cream?

išerhe           you wish, want

[ee-sheh-rheh]

i-          partitive ‘such’

-š-       2nd person singular agent ‘you (s)’

-er-      verb root ‘to wish, want’

-he       habitual aspect

tayenǫrąhšǫˀ        Pass me milk.

[tah-yen-non-ran-shon-on]

ta-                    imperative

-ye-                  1st person singular agent ‘me’

-nǫrąhš-          noun root ‘milk’

-ǫ-                    verb root ‘to give’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

sugar: -tsikeˀt-

utsikeˀtaˀ              sugar

[oo-tsee-keh-eh-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-tsikeˀt-        noun root ‘sugar’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

Kwižuh išerhe utsikeˀtaˀ?           Do you want sugar?

hęh    iyerhe          Yes, I want it.

iyerhe          I want it

[ee-yeh-rheh]

i-          partitive ‘such’

-y-       1st person singular agent ‘I’

-er-      verb root ‘to wish, want’

-he       habitual aspect

ąˀą     teˀyerhe        No, I don’t want it.

[an-an]

teˀyerhe        I don’t want it.

[teh-eh-yeh-rheh]

teˀ-       negative prefix

-y-       1st person singular agent ‘1’

-er-      verb root ‘to wish, want’

-he       habitual aspect

utsikeˀtaeratih         Sugar is added.

[oo-tsee-keh-eh-tah-eh-rah-teeh]

u-                    feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-tsikeˀt-        noun root ‘sugar’

-a-                   noun suffix

-erat-             verb root ‘to add’

-ih                    stative aspect

satsikeˀtaeratih       Add sugar

[sah-tsee-keh-eh-tah-eh-rah-teeh]

sa-                   imperative + 2nd person singular agent ‘you (s)’

-tsikeˀt-           noun root ‘sugar’

-a-                   noun suffix

-erat-               verb root ‘to add’

tayetsikeˀtǫˀ                   Give, pass me sugar

[tah-yeh-tsee-keh-eh-ton-on]

ta-                    imperative prefix

-ye-                  1st person singular agent ‘me’

-tsikeˀt-           noun root ‘sugar’

-ǫ-                    verb root ‘to give’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

To Pour: šra-

ayešramih              I am pouring it.

[ah-yeh-shrah-meeh]

aye-                 1st person singular patient ‘I’

-šra-                verb root ‘to pour’

-m-                  transitive

-ih                    stative aspect

ayutiˀšrašramih       I am pouring tea.

[ah-yoo-tee-ee-shrah-shra-meeh]

ay-                   1st person singular patient ‘I’

-utiˀ-                ‘tea’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-a-                   noun suffix

-šra-                verb root ‘to pour’

-m-                  transitive

-ih                    stative aspect

sašraˀ                    Pour it.

[sah-shrah-ah]

sa-                   imperative + 2nd person singular agent ‘you (s)’

-šra-             verb root ‘to pour’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

sutišrašraˀ              Pour the tea.

[soo-tee-shrah-shrah-ah]

s-                     imperative + 2nd person singular agent ‘you (s)’

-utiˀ-                ‘tea’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-a-                   noun suffix

-šra-                verb root ‘to pour’

-ˀ                      imperative aspect

Drink:  -ir-

tsiraˀ                      Drink it.

[tsee-rah-ah]

ts-                    imperative + 2nd person singular agent ‘you’

-ir-                 verb root ‘to drink’

-aˀ                    imperative aspect

sutišriraˀ                Drink (your) tea.

s-                     imperative + 2nd person singular agent

-utiˀ-              ‘tea’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-ir-                   verb root ‘to drink’

-aˀ                    imperative aspect

kwęraˀ                   Let’s drink it.

[kwen-rah-ah]

kw-                  imperative + 1st person inclusive plural agent ‘we (inclusive)’

-ęr-                  verb root ‘to drink’

-aˀ                    imperative aspect

kyutišriraˀ              Let’s drink tea.

[kyoo-tee-shree-rah-ah]

ky-                   imperative + 1st person plural agent ‘we (inclusive)’[

-utiˀ-                ‘tea’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-ir-                   verb root ‘to drink’

-aˀ                    imperative aspect

To Stir: -už-

ayutišruž                I am stirring the tea.

[ah-yoo-tee-shroozh]

ay-                   1st person singular patient ‘I’

-utiˀ-               ‘tea’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-už-                  verb root ‘to stir, move’ + stative aspect

sutišružaˀ               Stir the tea.

[soo-tee-shroo-zhah-ah]

s-                     imperative + 2nd person singular agent ‘you (s)’

-utiˀ-                ‘tea’

-šr-                  nominalizer

-už-                  verb root ‘to stir, move’

-aˀ                    imperative aspect

This entry was posted in Language. Bookmark the permalink.

Comments are closed.