Wyandot words relating to trees

Tree Terms

Bolded terms are recorded.

Tree, pole, log: -rǫt-

yarǫtaˀ                  tree, pole, log

[yah-ron-tah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-rǫt-                 noun root ‘tree, pole, log’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

karǫto                   Where there are poles in water (i.e., Toronto).

[kah-ron-toh]

k-                     cislocative ‘where’

-a-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-rǫt-                noun root ‘tree, pole, log’

-o                     verb root ‘to be in water’ + stative aspect

 

Teyarǫtuyęh          It is between two logs. (male Bear clan name)

[teh-yah-ron-too-yeh]

te-                    dualic prefix ‘two’

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘she or it’

-rǫt-                 noun root ‘tree, log, pole’

-uyę-                verb root ‘to be at the meeting, merging point’

-h                     stative aspect

Tehurǫturęh         He splits the log in two (male name)

[teh-hoo-ron-too-renh]

te-                    dualic

-hu-                  masculine singular patient ‘he’

-rǫt-                 noun root ‘tree, log, pole’

-urę                  verb root ‘to split in two’

-h                     stative aspect

Hurǫtǫndi                 He made a pole, war pole (male Porcupine clan name)

[hoo-ron-ton-dee]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ‘he’

-rǫt-                 noun root ‘tree, log, pole’

-ǫndi-               verb root, ‘to make’ + stative aspect

Sharǫtǫkye            He leaves a tree again                (male Deer Clan name)

[shah-ron-ton-kyeh]

s-                     repetitive ‘again’

-ha-                  masculine singular agent ‘he’

-rǫt-                 noun root ‘tree, log, pole’

-ǫky-               verb root ‘to quit, abandon’

-e                     purposive aspect

Types of Trees

Deciduous

wahtaˀ                  maple tree

[wah-tah-ah]

w-                    feminine-zoic singular patient

-aht-                noun root ‘maple’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

wahtut                     It is a standing maple.

[wah-toot]

w-                    feminine-zoic singular patient

-aht-              noun root ‘maple’

-ut                    verb root ‘to stand’ + stative aspect

yarhiˀt                  It is an apple tree, a tree

[yah-rhee-eet]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-rhiˀt                verb root ‘to be an apple tree, tree’ + stative aspect

yandehsekwaˀ        birch, birchbark

[yan-deh-she-kwah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndehsekw–     noun root ‘birch, birchbark’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

yarahkwaˀt             It is an elm tree.

[yah-rah-kwah-aht]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-rahkwaˀt        verb root ‘to be an elm tree’ + stative aspect

ehrohi                    It is an oak.

[eh-roh-hee]

ehroh-             feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’ + verb root ‘to be an oak’

-i                      stative aspect

ašiˀe                      It is an ash tree.

[ash-ee-ee-eh]

ašiˀe                feminine-zoic singular agent      ‘it’+ verb root ‘to be an ash’ + stative aspect

yandiskaraˀ            cherry tree, cherry

[yan-dee-skah-rah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

          -ndiskar-         noun root ‘cherry tree, cherry’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

Evergreen

unęˀtaˀ                  evergreen

[oo-nen-en-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-nęˀt–               noun root ‘evergreen’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

aˀte                        It is a spruce.

[ah-ah-teh]

aˀte                  feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’+ verb root ‘to be a spruce’ + stative aspect

yandehtaˀ               pine

[yan-deh-tah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ndeht-         noun root ‘pine’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

uskwataˀ                white cedar

[oo-skwah-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-skwat-            noun root ‘white cedar’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

Treetops, branches -ręh-

yaręhaˀ                 treetops, branches

[yah-renh-hah-ah]

ya-                  feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ręh-             noun root ‘treetops’

-aˀ                   noun suffix

Sharęhes              He is a very tall treetops.  (male name)

[shah-ren-hehs]

s-                     repetitive ‘very’

-ha-                 masculine singular agent ‘he’

-ręh-               noun root ‘treetops’

-es-                  verb root ‘to be long’ + stative aspect[1]

Yaręhaˀatsih                     She is called treetops, branches (female name).

[yah-ren-hah-ah-tseeh]

ya-                               feminine-zoic singular agent

-ręh-                            noun root, ‘treetops, branches’

-ats-                             verb root, ‘to name, be called’

-ih                                stative aspect

Stump, Trunk -hšind-

uhšindaˀ               stump, trunk

[ooh-shin-dah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-hšind-          noun root  ‘stump, trunk’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

kyuhšindut                It is where a stump is standing.

[kyooh-shin-doot]

ky-                   cislocative ‘where’

-u-                   feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-hšind-          noun root  ‘stump, trunk’

-ut                    verb root ‘to stand’ + stative aspect

Tree root: -ter-

yateraˀ                 ’a tree root‘ (female Porcupine clan name)

[yah-teh-rah-ah]

ya-                   feminine-zoic singular agent ‘it’

-ter-                 noun root ‘tree root’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

Bark: -st-      

ustaˀ                     bark

[oo-stah-ah]

u-                    feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-st-                  noun root ‘bark’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

Hustayehtak           He (often) carries bark. (male Porcupine clan name)

[hoo-stah-yeh-tahk]

hu-                   masculine singular patient ’he‘

-st-                 noun root ’bark‘

-a-                     noun suffix

-yeht-              verb root ’to carry‘

-ak                   habitual aspect

Leaves

Green Leaf/Leaves: -ndraht-

undrahtaˀ             green leaf, leaves

[oon-drah-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-ndraht-       noun root ‘green leaf, leaves’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

Dry Leaf/Leaves: -raˀt-

uraˀtaˀ                  dry leaf, leaves, cornhusks, shucks

[oo-rah-ah-tah-ah]

u-                     feminine-zoic singular patient ‘it’

-raˀt-              noun root ‘dry leaf, leaves’

-aˀ                    noun suffix

[1] This is an atypical form for the stative aspect with this verb.  Usually there is an –i- following.

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